Natural Heritage – Environment
CulturePolis is engaged in actions that touch all forms of Heritage, as defined by international treaties.This laboratory includes projects and initiatives on a wide range of activities e.g. food processing, promoting sustainable farming, etc.
Major projects are:GROW OBSERVATORY & COMBACT initiative
The global Heritage movement: The Conference on the protection of world Cultural and Natural Heritage adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 1972 is an important event of the global movement for the preservation of Cultural Heritage. In 2011, there were 936 world Heritage locales, 725 cultural, 183 natural and 28 of mixed properties in 153 countries. Each of these points is considered significant in the international community. The underwater heritage locales are under the auspices of the UNESCO Council for the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage. This contract is a legitimate tool for helping contracting states improve the effort of Underwater Cultural Heritage Protection. In addition, UNESCO designated – showcased masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
An Introduction in the different Heritage forms available here.
Cultural property includes the physical, or “tangible” cultural heritage, such as artworks. These are generally split into two groups of movable and immovable heritage. Immovable heritage includes buildings (which themselves may include installed art such as organs, stained glass windows, and frescos), large industrial installations or other historic places and monuments. Moveable heritage includes books, documents, moveable artworks, machines, clothing, and other artifacts, that are considered worthy of preservation for the future. These include objects significant to the archaeology, architecture, science or technology of a specified culture.
Aspects and disciplines of the preservation and conservation of tangible culture include:
- Archival science
- Conservation (cultural heritage)
- Digital preservation
“Intangible cultural heritage” consists of non-physical aspects of a particular culture, more often maintained by social customs during a specific period in history. The concept includes the ways and means of behavior in a society, and the often formal rules for operating in a particular cultural climate. These include social values and traditions, customs and practices, aesthetic and spiritual beliefs, artistic expression, language and other aspects of human activity. The significance of physical artifacts can be interpreted against the backdrop of socioeconomic, political, ethnic, religious and philosophical values of a particular group of people. Naturally, intangible cultural heritage is more difficult to preserve than physical objects.
Aspects of the preservation and conservation of cultural intangibles include:
“Natural heritage” is also an important part of a society’s heritage, encompassing the countryside and natural environment, including flora and fauna, scientifically known as biodiversity, as well as geological elements (including mineralogical, geomorphological, paleontological, etc.), scientifically known as geodiversity. These kind of heritage sites often serve as an important component in a country’s tourist industry, attracting many visitors from abroad as well as locally. Heritage can also include cultural landscapes (natural features that may have cultural attributes).
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